Parenting - early years to teenage years

The early years have received considerable attention as a critical time in child development and a vital intervention point for improving children's lives. Investing in the early years pays considerable dividends later on.

While the early years can be difficult for parents, the teenage years throw up their own problems, and many parents struggle to manage. Writers in this section look at the importance of these times in a child's life; the research findings; and effective approaches to parenting and family support.

Spending money on supporting parents and carers to give their children the best start in life has economic benefits beyond reducing crime.

John Carnochan, detective chief superintendent, co-director, Violence Reduction Unit