Population: current and projected

General population

5,373,000 people live in Scotland (estimated in June 2015 as the highest ever). The population increased because in-migration exceeded out-migration by approximately 28,000 between mid-2014 and mid-2015. Deaths exceeded births by approximately 2,000.

National Records of Scotland. (April 2016) Mid-year population estimates 2015 [accessed February 2017]


Age

Almost one in five (17%) people are 15 and under, or over 65 (18%); and more than three in five (65%) are aged 16 to 64; (estimated June 2015). The median age is 41.

National Records of Scotland. (April 2016) Mid-year population estimates 2015 [accessed February 2017]


Gender

Approximately 2,610,500 are male and 2,762,500 are female.

National Records of Scotland. (April 2016) Mid-year population estimates 2015 [accessed February 2017]


Births

55,098 births were registered in 2015.

National Records of Scotland. (August 2016) Vital events tables [accessed February 2017]


Deaths

57,579 deaths were registered in Scotland in 2015. This was 6.2% more than in 2014.

National Records of Scotland (August 2016) The Registrar General’s Annual Review of Demographic Trends 2015 [accessed February 2017]


Projected population

The population of Scotland is projected to rise by 7% over the next 25 years, from 5.35 million in 2014 to 5.70 million by 2039, and to continue to rise into the future.

National Records of Scotland (October 2016) Population projections for Scottish areas (2014-based) [accessed February 2017]


Changing population

The population is projected to age for all administrative areas to a greater or lesser extent. By 2039, the number of children aged 0 to 15 is projected to increase in 12 council areas, the working age populationis projected to increase in 12 council areas, and the population of pensionable age and over is projected to increase in all council areas. As the population of Scotland ages, larger increases are projected for older age groups. The population aged 75 and over is projected to increase in all council areas across Scotland between 2014 and 2039.

National Records of Scotland (October 2016) Population projections for Scottish areas (2014-based) [accessed February 2017]